Rune’s and there history .

The most runic inscriptions today are to be found in stone since they can easyer withstand the time and are generaly larger .

There are about 5900 runestones located in Scandinavia alone,

Sweden3,432
Norway1,552
Denmark844
Scandinavian total5,826

Other objects that have also withstand the times are gravestone’s and memorials .

An important excavation in Bergen, Norway in the 1950s revealed that runes were often used for business and everyday uses as well. Runic inscriptions expressing prayers, love letters, jokes and gags and personal messages were found in quantity there.

And also on the Oseberg ship (Norwegian: Osebergskipet) The Oseberg ship is a well-preserved Viking ship discovered in a large burial mound at the Oseberg farm near Tønsberg in Vestfold county, Norway.The ship and some of its contents are displayed at the Viking Ship Museum at Bygdøy on the western side of Oslo, Norway .It was excavated by Norwegian archaeologist Haakon Shetelig and Swedish archaeologist Gabriel Gustafson in 1904–1905.

The Lingsberg Runestone, Sweden, known as U 240

Nonetheless can they also still be found on the following items/places

  • Jewelry , art or other craftman objects
  • Pottery
  • Weapons , shields and armor
  • Religious items and artifacts
  • Preserved wood items
  • Rocks

Seldomly they are found on manuscripts , but those are very rare since they did not serve that purpose since there whas an verbal tradition of passing on story’s. Perhaps there where more manuscripts in history but like alot of things have perisht .There are still a few ones that have bin conserved like the Codex Runicus and others .

CodexRunicus.jpeg
Leaf (f. 27r.) of Codex Runicus, a vellum manuscript from c. 1300 containing one of the oldest and best preserved texts of the Scanian Law, written entirely in runes.